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Šumava Mountains

Šumava Mountains

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Šumava Ark


Resembling to the biblical arch, the green Šumava is floating on the territory of three states as the largest forested area in Central Europe. It has been refuge of both Czechs and Germans, of bears, wolves and deer, of mountain cocks and eagles, spruces, firs, gentians, soldanellas and thousands of other more or less known creatures of God to which it has become home and to many of them even the last refuge from the turmoil of civilization. Two connected national parks on both Šumava´s slopes, on the Czech side enlarged by the belt of the protected landscape area, form one of the largest protected areas within the densely populated Europe...

Treasure of nature


In the densely populated Europe natural landscapes are becoming more and more rare and thus attractive...

Eternal inspiration


Probably no other Czech landscape has so many admirers as Šumava has. The reason might be that is has maintained its secrets, a certain inaccessibility, its legendary melancholy, swaying moors, milky fog in valleys, lonely wild rocks and impenetrable border forests...

Mysterious lakes


The Šumava lakes are almost places of pilgrimage, where people come with respect and reverence. It might be due to the unusual solemn atmosphere of deep forests and neighbouring rocks, or by the silent loneliness of these lakes, so intensively perceived by the Czech poet Jan Neruda who dedicated even a romance to the Black Lake...

Across border forests


When wandering through deep Šumava forests we may run across ancient paths resembling sometimes to an old sunken road overgrown with fern, other times to a dry stony trough meandering on a steep slope. Somewhere they are even covered by asphalt of a modern road. But the most often they have disappeared in the mountain landscape practically without any traces...

Landscape and architecture


The colonization of Šumava somehow resembled to rotation of high and low tides. Settlements were approaching to the land border and then disappearing again. In the 13th century, when the colonization was at its peak, houses were built even at an altitude of 800 metres, then they moved to lower altitudes and a continuous settlement remained only in places with developed mining activities...

Železná Ruda


History of this mountain town is to a certain degree characteristic for dozens of similar villages and small towns all around the Šumava Mountains...

Šumava plains


A here and there undulated landscape, almost completely hidden in mountain forests – these are the famous Šumava plains. Only on some places they are open to sun and only there we can see their shallow valleys and large hollows. And only rarely we can see the round summits of the above hills. These plateaux form a more or less flat ridge spreading along the borderline, characteristic for the major part of the central Šumava Mountains...

Oases of the north


Wet pea green pillow of bog moss is a right place for carnivorous sundews, always hungry because of lack of soil nutrients. There is enough room also for lignified hundred-year-old black crowberry shrubs. Almost unnatural peace and silence are reigning here. The wall of neighbouring trees does not allow even the wind to penetrate there...

Šumava´s gold


Ore had been mined in Šumava for centuries and mining activities were concentrated mainly in deposits situated in the triangle Kašperské Hory – Rejštejn – Hartmanice. The local gold has in general a very high fineness and its grains are mostly very tiny. It is contained in quartz veins penetrating through local rocks, mainly biotitic and graphitic gneisses...

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